Title: Chiral carbene–borane adducts: precursors for borenium catalysts for asymmetric FLP hydrogenations


Citation
Lam J, Günther BAR, Farrell JM, et al. (2016). Chiral carbene–borane adducts: precursors for borenium catalysts for asymmetric FLP hydrogenations. Cardiff University. http://doi.org/10.17035/d.2016.0011648516



Access Rights: Data can be made freely available subject to attribution

Access Method: Click to email a request for this data to opendata@cardiff.ac.uk


Cardiff University Dataset Creators


Dataset Details

Publisher: Cardiff University

Date (year) of data becoming publicly available: 2016

Coverage start date: 01/09/2015

Coverage end date: 18/12/2016

Data format: .cif, .pdf

Software Required: X-ray structure visualization software eg Mercury

Estimated total storage size of dataset: Less than 100 megabytes

Number of Files In Dataset: 17

DOI : 10.17035/d.2016.0011648516

DOI URL: http://doi.org/10.17035/d.2016.0011648516

Related URL: http://gow.epsrc.ac.uk/NGBOViewGrant.aspx?GrantRef=EP/N02320X/1


Description

The carbene derived from (1R,3S)-camphoric acid was used to prepare the borane adduct with Piers’ borane. Subsequent hydride abstraction gave a borenium cation. Adducts with 9-BBN and the corresponding (1R,3S)-camphoric acid-derived carbene bearing increasingly sterically demanding N-substituents (R = Me, Et, i-Pr) and the corresponding borenium cations were also prepared. These cations were not active as catalysts in hydrogenation, although were shown to undergo carbene ring expansion reactions at 50 °C to give species. The IBOX-carbene precursors derived from amino alcohols (S)-valinol and (S)-tert-leucinol (R = i-Pr, t-Bu) were used to prepare borane adducts . Reaction of the carbenes 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene (IMe), 1,3-di-iso-propylimidazol-2-ylidene (IPr) 1-benzyl-3-methylimidazol-2-ylidene (IBnMe), 1-methyl-3-phenylimidazol-2-ylidene (IPhMe) and 1-tert-butyl-3-methylimidazol-2-ylidene (ItBuMe) with diisopinocampheylborane (Ipc2BH) gave chiral adducts: (IMe)(Ipc2BH), (IPr)(Ipc2BH), (IBnMe)(Ipc2BH), (IPhMe)(Ipc2BH), and (ItBuMe)(Ipc2BH). Triazolylidene-type adducts including the (10)-phenyl-9-borabicyclo [3.3.2]decane adduct of 1,3,4- triphenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazolium, and the 9-BBN derivative of (S)-2-amino-2’- methoxy-1,1’-binaphthalene-1,2,3-triazolium were also prepared. In catalytic studies of these systems, while several species were competent catalysts for imine reduction, in general, low enantioselectivities, ranging from 1–20% ee, were obtained. The implications for chiral borenium cation catalyst design are considered.

The supporting information, including figures of the NMR spectra for the compounds and reactions in the aper, are included as well as tables from the results of catalytic studies. X-ray data are included here which can be visualized using software for X-ray crystal structure determination/visualization which was used to characterise the compounds synthesised.

Results based upon these data are published at http://doi.org/10.1039/c6dt02202b


Keywords

Inspection with x-rays, structure-activity relationships, Structure elucidation

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Last updated on 2019-05-07 at 09:17